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Communication and its different systems to get in touch is one of the greatest achievements of modern society. But, what happens when a child or a person cannot communicate because they do not hear or hear well? According to the World Health Organization, 32 million children in the world suffer from deafness, a disease that can be prevented with early detection, immunization and through good programs for mothers and children.
According to the WHO, of the 60 percent of cases of deafness in children that are preventable, 31% are due to diseases such as meningitis, measles, mumps or rubella, 17% is due to complications during labor or premature delivery and 4% is related to the use of medications that have harmful effects on the baby's hearing.
When the lack of hearing is not treated early in babies, they cannot acquire the ability to communicate, the acquisition of language is delayed and all this hinders the emotional and intellectual development of the child. However, early identification and treatment of children with these hearing problems facilitate language development and, at the same time, improve their learning and communication.
For this reason, the WHO (World Health Organization) has recommended that for the detection of deafness in newborn babies, all undergo a neonatal screening test for the early detection of congenital hearing loss. With early detection in newborns, a diagnosis of hearing loss can be reached before 6 months and treatment can begin early.
Normally, up to 2 years on average, deafness is usually not detected in children who are not screened at birth and, at this age, the delay in language acquisition is already significant.
The screening test for deafness it is a simple test that does not cause any discomfort to the newborn. The usual thing is to do the test between 12 and 48 hours of life, before leaving the maternity ward. In any case, it should be done in the first month of life, while the baby is calm or sleeping.
You can read more articles similar to Screening for deafness in newborn babies, in the On-Site Ear Care category.