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We live surrounded by germs, although most of them are controlled by the defense systems that exist in the skin and mucous membranes, but when a wound or cut occurs in the skin and it is opened, the germs can get into the human body and cause infection.
To avoid this, it is essential to use an antiseptic that blocks its passage and reduces the possibility of causing disease. The product should be applied to the sides of the skin cut and not directly to the incision, without forgetting that it is best to allow the lesion to ventilate to heal and, in this way, a new attack is prevented.
All antiseptics are not the same or have the same effectiveness. Each of them has properties and their mechanisms of action are very different:
1. Chlorhexidine: it is effective against Gram + and Gram - bacteria, spores, fungi and viruses. It is active against organic matter such as pus, exudate or blood, it has no contraindications and it is not toxic. It can be used in pregnant women, neonates (for healing the umbilical cord), infants and children because it is not absorbed and, therefore, it lacks systemic reactions.
2. Alcohol 70%: it is effective against Gram + and Gram - bacteria, and viruses such as AIDS and cytomegalovirus. Its activity starts after 2 minutes and its residual effect is null. It is inactive against organic matter such as pus, exudate or blood, it is contraindicated in open wounds, it produces local pain in the tissues, it can be irritating and, in terms of safety, it is a flammable product.
3. Iodine: 10% povidone iodine is effective against Gram + and Gram - bacteria, viruses and fungi. It delays the growth of granulation tissue that is essential for the beginning of healing and in the toxicity section it can cause skin irritation and absorption of iodine at a systemic level, which makes it a product contraindicated in newborns (for cures of the umbilical cord), infants and people with thyroid disorder.
4. Hydrogen peroxideHydrogen peroxide is active against Gram + and Gram - bacteria, and 3 percent of viruses. It starts its activity immediately after its application, but its effect does not remain. It is inactive against organic matter such as pus, exudate or blood, it is irritating to the mucous membranes and as a contraindication it has the risk of damaging tissues in closed cavities and risk of air embolism.
5. Mercurochrome: Mercury-derived products are bacteriostatic (prevent the growth of microorganisms while their action lasts) of low potency and are inactivated in the presence of organic matter. They can cause contact dermatitis and skin sensitivity in new applications.
Some bacterial and viral infections cause blisters and small, painful ulcers (thrush) on the lining of children's mouths. In this case, the injury can be caused by an object, a dental prosthesis or a blow, and its effects are mitigated thanks to antiseptic solutions, which are applied, directly, or by gargling.
Antiseptics are also helpful for stop acne or pimples that produce hormonal changes by stimulating the sebaceous glands, generating clumps of fat that clog pores and give rise to pimples. These lesions can be invaded by bacteria Propionebacterium acnes, and using special antiseptic solutions can help reduce the risk of infection and, therefore, scarring.
You can read more articles similar to Antiseptics to heal children's wounds, in the First Aid On Site category.