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Chess is a deep strategy game that requires concentration and skill from the player. Great chess players in history began to play chess from childhood, so parents who want their children to play chess are recommended to teach them as soon as possible. The earlier children learn, the better and more skills they will develop.
A child can start playing chess from the age of four. The game, for him, can have different purposes: fun and training; competition; improvement of concentration, memory and creativity; complement to education and training. Furthermore, many benefits of chess are recognized in the areas of intellectual development, skills and emotional state.
In terms of intellectual capacity, chess can help children improve:
- Attention, concentration and memory.
- The power of analysis, synthesis and organization.
- The ability to solve problems and make decisions under pressure.
- Creativity and imagination.
- The logical-mathematical reasoning.
And as for the emotional intelligence, chess can help children learn to:
- Have emotional control, knowing how to handle both successes and frustration.
- Have a sense of transparency, being honest and upright with oneself and with others.
- Adapt to multiple and unexpected situations.
- Strive to achieve what you propose and increase your self-esteem and confidence.
- To have initiative.
- Have empathy and understand the opponent during the game.
- work as a team and collaborate.
The best way to stimulate and motivate a child is by example, without pressure or obligation. If the child sees someone in his environment playing chess, his curiosity will give him a desire to learn as well. Children's imagination is an element that can contribute a lot to learning chess.
In fact, it is recommended that the child be explained what the game really represents; something like that on the board are represented two kingdoms that fight each other to defend themselves from the opponent and capture the boss of the other side, which is the king. The pieces of each side come together to support each other, defend their king, and at the same time fight to capture the king of the other side. A child is able to learn the movement of the pieces and then understand the tactical and superior topics, but all little by little:
- The first thing is to show him the movement of the towers, which are the simplest pieces.
- Then the bishop's move, another piece that moves with straight moves.
- When the child has assimilated the movements of these two pieces, he can be taught how the queen, the king, the knight and, finally, the pawn move.
Teach him that the goal of these foreplay is not to checkmate, but to capture all the pieces. The child's skill will come with practice and imagination, until he gets checkmate, which is the immobilization and capture of the opponent's king. Meanwhile, the child will learn to observe, compare, guess, investigate, analyze, synthesize, decide and execute.
- "Developing intelligence through chess", by José María Olías, Ed. Word.
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